| .: Help :.
|The Reni city behaves to the number of the most ancient settlements on the coast of Danube. The archaeological monuments found on its territory behave to the fourth millennium to our era. Moving in the westward, people formed in the beginning the settlements at the Yalpug lake, then Twig was attained , founding not far from its inflow in Danube a present city Reni... >>
| .: Geography .:
|The Reni city is located in south-west part of the Odessa region in the distance a 320 km from the regional center of Odessa, is the admini-strative center of district. If to give a glance on a card, it is possible to mark that Reni is located on the joint of three states... >>
| .: Life of city :.
|News of city life and not only from a weekly «Chas pik». >>
Short history help
The Reni city behaves to the number of the most ancient settlements on the coast of Danube. The archaeological monuments found on its territory behave to the fourth millennium to our era. Moving in the westward, people formed in the beginning
the settlements at the Yalpug lake, then Twig was attained, founding not far from its inflow in Danube the present city Reni. Explored it and the employee of institute of Archaeology of Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, native, described in the works
Reni Leonid Vasiliyevich Subbotin, which worked in Odessa state university afterwards, headed the Danube-Dnestr archaeological expedition, and presently is the employee of the Odessa archaeological museum.
A city outlived the period of ancient Greek
colonization. In the second age to our era the Romans came here. In the lower flow of Danube they erected fortresses serving as a place of arms for expansion of the scopes. After disintegration of the Roman empire, a city entered in the complement
As the Roman geographer Kastoriy asserted, at the beginning of IV age east slavs settled on shore of Danube. The same is asserted by the Russian chronicler Nestor, author of famous "Story of temporal years".
In X-XII ages Reni entered in the complement of Kiev Russia, and then Galitsko-volinskoye principality. It had to outlive a tatar-mongolian yoke. In 1621 a city was conquered by turks which gave it the Tamarovo name. By the way, the Reni name
as remember Tamarovo and ponine habitants of villages of the Reni district gagauzian and moldavian. The historian consider that the present name of city originates from the romans word of arena, which afterwards
genoese-venetian merchants transformed in Reni. It designates a sandy place comfortable for the stand of courts, that is - port, harbour.
Reni was to outlive the raids of crimean tatars. Troops under the command of the Russian field marshal
Rumyantsev, raiding a nizam in three times excelling, got through it. The future great war-lord Mihail Kutuzov, afterwards winning a victory over Napoleon, battled in this army. It is not eliminated, that it walked down street ancient city. It
is possible that its habitants could see the war-lord Vasiliy Suvorov, going down in history for taking of the fortress Izmail, located in 70 kilometres from Reni, and also for the row of prominent victories over yanichari.
The release of neardanube earths from turks was instrumental in migration on them of Russians and Ukrainians. The population of neardanubes grew due to cossacks which gushed here after liquidation at the beginning of XIX age of Zaporozhian Sech
considerably. And ponine the descendants of legendary cossack family live in Reni.
Advantageous geopolitical location, foremost a comfortable pier and port gave to the city wonderful possibilities for economic
development. In it Russian-Turkish war was instrumental 1877-1878, putting an end to the Turkish burden. The special value had building in 1877 the spur line Benderi - Galats, by an extent 285 kilometres. Characteristically, that built
it for record short space - two months. In planning and building of this branch an engineer-railway engineer took part, and the known Russian writer Garin-mihaylovskiy afterwards. This event in its life is reflected in the novel "Engineers".
On building of the railway station in honour the writer memorial plaque is set. The second memorial plaque thereon building is set in honour the famous Ukrainian writer Mihail Kotsyubinskiy, which lived and worked in Reni. Its name is carried
by school № 1.
The pages of history of the Reni city are decorated by the life and stay in it of different famous personalities. In the Russian-Turkish war-time 1806-1812 the writer Ivan Kotlyarevskiy visited here, in the first world war-time - young Valentine
Kataev devoting afterwards to the city the "Youth novel".
In November, 1915 residence of fligel-adyutant of its emperor's majesty, the
M.M. Veselkin naval captain was visited by last from the Romanov's dynasty
- the tsar Nick II.
Reni is motherland of the cousins Aristida of Dovatura and Alexander Deycha,
teachers of the Saint Petersburg university, doctors of sciences: first philological,
second - fisic-mathematic. In the center of city building is located in
which they were born and grown. Now here the department of education takes place,
and on building a memorial flag is
set. In honour A. Dovatura its students of wife of Black named the planet opened
by them the name of the him home town
- "Reni № 1792".
In Reni the surgeon Mihail of Novels lived and worked, participant of the events
reflected in the famous soviet movie "Extraordinary
incident". It used large love and confession of reni's people, and to it the
was appropriated "Honoured citizen Reni".
From ancient times about Reni knew after its limits far. And this thanks to that
a comfortable pier grew into marine auction port gradually. In published in
1899 by the Akkermans zemstvo "Statistical description of Bessarabya" it is spoken: "Reni's
port is found in such place, that every ship going on Danube from the Black sea
can not pass this part of Danube".
In 1883 in Reni the joint-stock company "Auction house was formed the prince
George Garin & Co". This society laid down
beginning to the regular swimming of courts on Danube and, per se, creation of
society became birth of Reni's marine auction port.
From 1900 year after
deepening of Kiliyskoyeo girlo of Danube in port of steel to turn marine ships.
It opened enormous prospects
for a city in which port always was the most important enterprise. In 1903 the
State Russian-Danube steamship line giving to the enterprise large economic shove
was created. But port got the real development in post-war time. On moorages
of enterprise practically there was no technique. Loading
of courts went by wheelbarrows, which longshoremen pushed ahead of itself. In
the first post-war years on moorages of port the number of faucets began to grow,
At the end of 50th - beginning of 60th years on territory of port
the second railway track was built, moorages are extended, and all port was divided
Power of enterprise grew year from a year, it grew into the largest transport
knot, attendant not only USSR but also country of Advice of the Economic aid.
Reni is port, so count not only reni's people, but also those, who is acquainted
with a city, its enterprise above all.
In 1937 in the bulletin of Romanian royal
geographical society was spoken about that Reni from point of equipment
with modern amenities little excels the country. The quantity of population here
persons. Thanks to port the development was got by a city social infrastructure.
Dwelling-houses in the beginning two-storeyed
"hrushevki" and in course of time 5-floors houses of the improved planning, model
kindergartens, club and dr., adorned the streets of city.
The population was
multiplied more than in two times. If in 1945 port processed 223 thousand loads,
in 1984 a goods turnover
made a 13 million of tons. Dockers processed more than 8 thousand courts, 100
thousand carriages and on volume cross-purpose of
loads Reni's port went out into
sixth place among marine ports of the system of Ministry of navy of former Union
Except for a transport knot, a number of branches, factory on production of bread, foodcombine, a few build organizations, operated in town. Taking into account
that a city is surrounded by reservoirs (except for Danube, the Yalpug and Kugurluy
of fish of the Chapaeva name was created which became fame not only a booty
but also processing of fish. Its products conquered confession of buyers.
agricultural enterprises operated.
In town there are two hospitals - district and dockers. Thus, second, built by
yugoslavian builders, gives to the patients wonderful terms and service at high
level. Children are taught at six school the talents are developed in the center
of child's creation and school of arts. on September, 1, 1998 the branch of the
Dnepropetrovsk academy of management of business and right was here opened.
From 1944 year the district newspaper "Reniyskiy vestnik" (old name "Pridunayskaya
искра") is published, and with December,
2000 "O'clock of lances" began comes a city weekly. Reni's municipal television
works. Last years a city and its enterprise above all together with an entire
country experience an economic crisis. With disintegration
of Advice of economic mutual help, by disintegration of Union port and railway
lost basic part of the traditional loads goods turnovers here grew short almost
in 10 times.
At the same time the enterprise began to develop, in accordance
with the program ratified by city advice privatization of objects of trade,
public food consumption, domestic consumer services
is carried out.
Reni is outpost of Ukraine on Danube, its collar. It is located on the border
of three states - Ukraine, Moldova, and Romania, therefore it is simply doomed
to economic expansion. City advice makes large efforts to that in full to use
possibilities for development. In March, 2000 Supreme Soviet of Ukraine passed
an Act "About the special economic
zone "Reni". Its realization is instrumental in bringing of investments for the
revival of old and creation of new enterprises on the SEZ territory, development
of social infrastructure of city in. And it matters very much as in accordance
with an agreement between three contiguous states this city on Danube will enter
in the complement of
the International economic zone "Reni-Dgurdguleshti-Galats".
In addition, in Reni sociopolis is created - economic ground of Ukraine, on
which the European models of local self-government will be worked off, and also
program of transborder collaboration, with subsequent introduction in the
scales of entire
country. And there is no doubt that the Reni star will begin to shine all brighter
|.: SEZ :.
|The dedicaded legal mode of economic activity provides for, that for the term of functioning of the special economic zone "Reni" income got the subjects SEZ "Reni" from realization of indicated in the point 2 of this Order of investment projects is imposed taxes on a rate 20 percents to the object of taxation... >>
|.: ISEZ :.
|By virtue of successful geographical locations Reni has the old contacts both with Romania and Moldova, and with the row of countries of the Danube pool (Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary), but the special attention is assumed to spare to development of mutually beneficial relations exactly with the Republic Romania in particular with its boundary city Galats... >>
|.: Sociopolis :.
|For acceleration of decision of tasks socio-economic development of the Reni city, found in the conditions of economic calamity a new conception supposing creation of new forms and management models is offered, namely, development of the special economic zone in combination with the socio-economic experiment on creation of sociopolis... >>